What are the cookies, and why do we use them on the web?

A cookie is a file downloaded to the user’s device when accessing certain web pages to store and retrieve information about the navigation carried out from said equipment.

Cookies allow the website, among other things, to store and retrieve information about the user’s decisions and habits, thus facilitating navigation. However, it is essential to note that cookies do not provide personal data of the user, who remains anonymous on the “ruta-argarica” website.

The user can configure the browser not to accept cookies, in which case the personalization of the experience would not apply. However, they will be able to continue accessing the contents of our websites normally.

On the Wikipedia page (http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cookie_(informática)) it is possible to obtain more information about the cookies and how they work.

Type of cookies

Cookies, depending on their permanence, can be divided into session or permanent cookies. The first ones expire when the user closes the browser. The second ones expire depending on when the objective they serve is fulfilled or manually deleted.

Additionally, depending on their objective, Cookies can be classified as follows:

Performance Cookies: this type of cookie remembers your preferences for the tools found in the services, so you do not have to reconfigure the service each time you visit. As an example, this typology includes:

  • Volume settings for video or sound players.
  • The video transmission speeds that are compatible with your browser.

Geolocation Cookies: These cookies are used to determine which country you are in when a website or service is requested. This cookie is completely anonymous and is only used to help guide the content to your location.

Registration cookies: registration cookies are generated once the user has registered or subsequently opened their session, and they are used to identify them on the web and services with the following objectives:

  • Keep the user identified so that, if the service or website is closed, the user will continue identified next time, thus facilitating his navigation without re-identification. This functionality can be suppressed if the user presses “Exit”, so this cookie is deleted, and the next time the user enters the web, the user will have to log in to be identified.
  • Check if the user is authorized to access certain services, such as participating in a contest.
  • Additionally, some services may use third-party connectors such as Facebook, Twitter or Google. When the user registers in a service with credentials of a social network or third-party identification system, he authorizes the same to save a persistent cookie that remembers the identity and guarantees access to the web until it expires. The user can delete this cookie and revoke access to the web through social networks or third-party identification systems by updating their preferences in the specific social network.

Analytical cookies: every time a user visits a Website or Service, a tool from an external provider (Google Analytics, ComScore and similar) generates an analytical cookie on the user’s device. This cookie, which is only generated during the visit, will serve in future visits to the services of Weblogs SL to anonymously identify the visitor. The main objectives pursued are:

  • Allow the anonymous identification of browsing users through the “Cookie” (identifies browsers and devices, not people) and therefore the approximate count of the number of visitors and their trend over time.
  • Anonymously identify the most visited content and, therefore, the most attractive to users.
  • To know if the user who is accessing is new or repeats the visit.

Important: The cookie will never be associated with any personal data that can identify you. These cookies are only for statistical purposes to help optimize the user experience on the site.

You can find more information about the privacy policy of these analytical tools at: Google Analytics y Comscore.

Currently, Google’s Doubleclick platform manages these services. For more information, go to http://www.google.es/policies/privacy/ads/#toc-doubleclick and http://www.google.es/policies/privacy/ads/.

How to disable cookies in the browser

Most browsers allow the user to configure whether they want to accept cookies and which ones. These settings are in the ‘options’ or ‘preferences’ of your browser menu.

These are the instructions to set the cookies in the main browsers:

  • Chrome: Settings -> Show advanced options -> Privacy -> Content settings. For more information, you can consult Google support or browser Help.
  • Firefox: Tools -> Options -> Privacy -> History -> Custom Settings. For more information, you can consult Mozilla support or browser Help.
  • Internet Explorer: Tools -> Internet Options -> Privacy -> Settings. For more information, you can consult Microsoft support or browser Help.
  • Safari: Preferences -> Security. For more information, you can consult Apple support or browser Help.