Water is the essential sustenance of life; we can fast for days, but without water, we die. Therefore, having access to clean water is vital for any community. In the surroundings near La Almoloya, the springs of Fuente Higuera, La Portuguesa, and Las Anguilas could be the town’s supply points. The presence of a cistern in the settlement represents an archaeological jewel because “water artefacts” are difficult to find in prehistoric sites. However, it also forces us to ask ourselves new questions and open new paths: who manages the water stored in the center of the settlement? What was the use they made of it? Did they wait for the rainwater to fill it or was it manually refilled with water from nearby springs?

This cistern opens up a world of possibilities to learn about technology and water distribution strategies.

When this curved structure was discovered, those who were excavating sent us a WhatsApp saying: cistern! The skepticism and prudence that distance grants made someone on the team answer: what is a cistern doing up there? The

When this curved structure was discovered, those who were excavating sent us a WhatsApp saying: cistern! The skepticism and prudence that distance grants made someone on the team answer: what is a cistern doing up there? The “logical” thing is that it was in a lower place on the eastern slope to collect the rainwater, not there, practically in the highest part of the plateau, not far from the entrance. However, the first impression had been the good one.

This elliptical structure has the shape of an inverted conical trunk and was built on the calcareous surface of the hill to collect up to 18,000 liters of water. A small amount if we compare it with the raft of La Bastida, which in its beginnings could hold up to 300,000 liters. But in comparison, at the moment of splendour, more than 1000 inhabitants in La Bastida, while at most 250 people lived in La Almoloya.

This elliptical structure has the shape of an inverted conical trunk and was built on the calcareous surface of the hill to collect up to 18,000 liters of water. A small amount if we compare it with the raft of La Bastida, which in its beginnings could hold up to 300,000 liters. But in comparison, at the moment of splendour, more than 1000 inhabitants in La Bastida, while at most 250 people lived in La Almoloya.

The yellow clays used as waterproofing are still preserved on one side of the cistern.

The yellow clays used as waterproofing are still preserved on one side of the cistern.

In recent times, the cistern ceased to be used as such and began to act as a landfill where charred cereals abounded along with remains of animal bones and rubble.

In recent times, the cistern ceased to be used as such and began to act as a landfill where charred cereals abounded along with remains of animal bones and rubble.

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